Discovery Education Espresso
  • This module has been created for use at Lower Key Stage 2 to develop pupils’ knowledge and understanding of spelling patterns. It assists teaching and learning of Year 3 & 4 statutory spelling requirements from appendix 1 of the 2014 National Curriculum.

    Activities and printable resources offer opportunities to practise the different requirements and to identify patterns that will help children to decode and spell unfamiliar words in the future.

    The front screen shows examples of spelling patterns for this age group. Can you spot them? (Note that the word 'antique' focuses on the -que ending. 'Anti' is not a prefix in this example.)

    The two videos feature a family in a shopping centre. Children are asked to spot words with suffixes and prefixes. This exercise can be replicated in the classroom, and applied to any of the required spelling patterns.

    The activities offer hands-on practice, asking children to spell, sort and choose the correct words. Each activity can be extended by listing or discussing the words used and looking for rules and patterns (Spelling rules are included in the ‘teacher’s support’ section of activity pages where applicable.)

    The printable resources offer further opportunity to practise. Where appropriate, children are asked to sort the words used into columns, to compare different spellings and to practise writing them, to help learning by heart.

    For the statutory word list for Years 3 & 4 (part of appendix 1 of the 2014 National Curriculum), we have produced a printable resource to support the learning of the 100 mandatory words. The columns provide children with an opportunity to try writing the words out, to write them out without looking, and to keep a record once they have checked they can spell the word correctly. 


    This table offers an overview of how the resources in the module correspond to the curriculum spelling requirements:



    Appendix 1

    Aligned resources


    More prefixes 

    The resources on prefixes help children learn the meaning of individual prefixes, to distinguish between the negative prefixes dis-, mis- and in-, and understand how the spelling of the prefix in- changes according to the root word it is attached to.


    Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable

    The suffix -ation

    The suffix -ly

    The suffix -ous

    The resources on suffixes help children learn:  that the spelling of the root word sometimes changes when a suffix is added; when a consonant is doubled at the end of the root word. Printable resources offer the opportunity to apply and practise this learning.


    Homophones and near-homophones

    The resources on homophones encourage children to compare the spelling of different words that sound the same and choose the correct one, or to identify incorrect homophones.

    Vowel sounds

    The /ʌ/ sound spelt ou as in touch

    Words with the /eɪ/ sound spelt ei, eigh, or ey as in vein, weigh or they

    The /ɪ/ sound spelt y elsewhere than at the end of words as in myth

    The resources on vowel sounds encourage children to learn the spelling of words through recognition. Through activities and printable resources they will familiarize themselves with key words; learn to spell them as well as read them correctly.

    Consonant sounds

    Words ending with the /g/ sound spelt –gue as in tongue and the /k/ sound spelt –que as in antique (French in origin)

    The resources on consonant sounds cover many less familiar words, providing children with the opportunity to expand their vocabulary, as well as learning spellings of French, Greek and Latin origin by seeing and learning.


    Words with the /s/ sound spelt sc (Latin in origin) as in science


    Words with the /k/ sound spelt ch (Greek in origin) as in chorus


    Words with the /ʃ/ sound spelt ch (mostly French in origin) as in chef

    Word endings

    Words with endings sounding like /ʒə/ as in measure or /tʃə/ as in creature

    The resources on word endings help children learn to distinguish between endings with similar sounds but different spellings.



    Endings which sound like /ʒən/ as in division


    Endings which sound like /ʃən/, spelt –tion, –sion, –ssion, –cian as in invention, expansion, permission, musician